Risk awareness and intended tsunami evacuation behaviour of international tourists in Kamakura City, Japan

Ricardo San Carlos Arce, Motoharu Onuki, Miguel Esteban, Tomoya Shibayama

    研究成果: Article査読

    41 被引用数 (Scopus)

    抄録

    The present study focuses on analysing the state of the tsunami risk communication strategies, awareness and intended evacuation behaviour amongst tourists in Kamakura City, Japan. A mixed methodologies approach was utilized, using key informant interviews, site surveys and questionnaire surveys to understand the risk awareness of this transient group of the population. The results of the survey showed a relatively high risk awareness and willingness to evacuate, though there was some confusion regarding the direction of evacuation, mode of transportation, and location of evacuation areas in the city. A majority of respondents stated that they would expect to be warned of a threat by an official warning or announcement, whereas a minority mentioned social cues as a way to understand what to do, possibly thus requiring changes to the city's risk management strategies. In Japan, the concept of tendenko has been getting more attention since the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake and Tsunami, which calls for each individual to immediately initiate evacuation by himself or herself, requiring the trust that other members of the family and community will be doing the same. Based on these findings the authors outlined a number of recommendations to improve disaster risk management for the case of tourists visiting Kamakura city.

    本文言語English
    ページ(範囲)178-192
    ページ数15
    ジャーナルInternational Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
    23
    DOI
    出版ステータスPublished - 2017 8 1

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
    • Safety Research
    • Geology

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