Safety of super LWR, (I) safety system design

Yuki Ishiwatari, Yoshiaki Oka, Seiichi Koshizuka, Akifumi Yamaji, Jie Liu

研究成果: Article査読

39 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

This paper describes design concept of safety system of the high-temperature supercritical pressure light water cooled reactor with downward-flow water rods (Super LWR). Since this reactor is once-through cooling system without water level and coolant circulation, the fundamental safety requirement is keeping core coolant flow rate while that of light water reactors (LWR) is keeping coolant inventory. “Coolant supply from cold-leg” and “coolant outlet at hot-leg” are needed for it. The advantage of the once-through cooling system is that reactor depressurization induces core coolant flow and cools the core. The downward-flow water rod system enhances this effect because the top dome and the water rods supply its water inventory to the core like an “in-vessel accumulator.” The safety system of the Super LWR is designed referring to those of LWR in consideration of its characteristics and safety principle. “Coolant supply” is kept by high-pressure auxiliary feedwater system and low-pressure core injection system. “Coolant outlet” is kept by safety relief valves and automatic depressurization system. The Super LWR is equipped with two independent shutdown systems: reactor scram system and standby liquid control system. The capacities and the actuation conditions determined in this study are to be used in safety analysis.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)927-934
ページ数8
ジャーナルJournal of Nuclear Science and Technology
42
11
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2005 11
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 核物理学および高エネルギー物理学
  • 原子力エネルギーおよび原子力工学

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