Measurements of oxidized nitrogen species, including peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN), nitrogen oxides (NOx), nitric acid (HNO3), and nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHCs), were made along with ozone (O3) and carbon monoxide (CO) at Rishiri Island, a remote island in northern Japan, as part of the Rishiri Island Study of Oxidants and Transport for Tropospheric Ozone (RISOTTO). Full seasonal observations of O3, CO, NMHCs, and PAN, together with data sets of NOx, and HNO3 for 6 months reveal short-term and seasonal characteristics of chemistry of the air masses in northeast Asia. Temporal variations of O3, PAN, and HNO 3 typically show day-to-day variations in winter and diurnal variations in summer, dominated by long-range transport and local photochemistry, respectively. Seasonal variations of O3 and PAN show a spring maximum and a summer minimum, which are consistent with previous field observations made in Europe and North America. Air mass segregation based on back trajectory calculation suggests that PAN, which is photochemically produced in continental source regions, is most effectively transported to remote sites in spring owing to low temperatures in this season, while HNO3 is not effectively transported due to its high deposition velocity. It is concluded that transport of polluted air masses from continental source regions considerably enhances the April maximum in O3 and PAN observed at remote sites in northeast Asia. Back trajectory analysis also indicates that the seasonal cycles of PAN in the Eurasian continental background air masses are maximum in spring, minimum in summer, and show a secondary maximum in fall in contrast to NOx and HNO3 which have a summer maximum and a winter minimum.
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