Selective molecular permeability induced by glass transition dynamics of semicrystalline polymer ultrathin films

Toshinori Fujie, Yuko Kawamoto, Hiroki Haniuda, Akihiro Saito, Koki Kabata, Yukio Honda, Eriko Ohmori, Toru Asahi, Shinji Takeoka*

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

21 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Most polymers solidify below a glass transition temperature (T g), which is important for the fabrication of polymeric materials. The glass transition dynamics (GTD) of polymers alters their physical properties and therefore the range of applications suitable for the particular materials. In this regard, most GTD studies were oriented to the thermodynamics of amorphous polymer systems, while little studies were known for semicrystalline polymers. Here, we focus on the glassy and crystalline properties of semicrystalline polymers such as poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) and envisage to control the nanostructure of free-standing PLLA ultrathin films (referred as "PLLA nanosheets"), via thermodynamic rearrangement of polymer chains entangled in a quasi-two-dimensional interface during the GTD process. The annealing process on the PLLA nanosheets (<100 nm thick) resulted in the formation of semicrystalline domains and microscopic apertures with polymer chains (∼100 nm in size). Such nanostructure surprisingly induced selective molecular permeability, which was controlled as a function of film thickness and inherent crystallinity. The present methodology demonstrates the direct conversion of thermodynamic properties of semicrystalline polymers into the functional nanostructured polymeric materials.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)395-402
ページ数8
ジャーナルMacromolecules
46
2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2013 1 22

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 有機化学
  • ポリマーおよびプラスチック
  • 無機化学
  • 材料化学

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