Separation of Rare Earth Elements and Scandium by Cation Exchange with Particular Reference to Radiochemical Neutron Activation Analysis of Geochemical Samples

研究成果: Article

6 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

A cation-exchange separation method has been developed for separating the rare earth elements from scandium, using hydrobromic acid as the eluent. Optimum conditions, chosen on the basis of tracer experiments, are: Dowex 50W-X8,200-400 mesh resin, 6.5-7 M HBr, and a flow rate of less than 0.9 cm/min. Under these conditions more thdn 99% of the REE are recovered in the first 12 column volumes of eluent, while leaving all the scandium on the column, and separation factors of 102-103 are readily attainable. This method has been used for radiochemical neutron activation analysis of meteorites, in conjunction with a procedure for determination of 19 sidero-phile or volatile elements. It is faster than the conventional hydroxide-fluoride precipitation, and hence permits a large number of samples to be processed simultaneously.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)241-246
ページ数6
ジャーナルAnalytical Sciences
1
発行部数3
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 1985 1 1
外部発表Yes

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Scandium
Neutron activation analysis
Rare earth elements
Cations
Hydrobromic Acid
Meteorites
Fluorides
Ion exchange
Resins
Flow rate
Experiments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

これを引用

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abstract = "A cation-exchange separation method has been developed for separating the rare earth elements from scandium, using hydrobromic acid as the eluent. Optimum conditions, chosen on the basis of tracer experiments, are: Dowex 50W-X8,200-400 mesh resin, 6.5-7 M HBr, and a flow rate of less than 0.9 cm/min. Under these conditions more thdn 99{\%} of the REE are recovered in the first 12 column volumes of eluent, while leaving all the scandium on the column, and separation factors of 102-103 are readily attainable. This method has been used for radiochemical neutron activation analysis of meteorites, in conjunction with a procedure for determination of 19 sidero-phile or volatile elements. It is faster than the conventional hydroxide-fluoride precipitation, and hence permits a large number of samples to be processed simultaneously.",
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N2 - A cation-exchange separation method has been developed for separating the rare earth elements from scandium, using hydrobromic acid as the eluent. Optimum conditions, chosen on the basis of tracer experiments, are: Dowex 50W-X8,200-400 mesh resin, 6.5-7 M HBr, and a flow rate of less than 0.9 cm/min. Under these conditions more thdn 99% of the REE are recovered in the first 12 column volumes of eluent, while leaving all the scandium on the column, and separation factors of 102-103 are readily attainable. This method has been used for radiochemical neutron activation analysis of meteorites, in conjunction with a procedure for determination of 19 sidero-phile or volatile elements. It is faster than the conventional hydroxide-fluoride precipitation, and hence permits a large number of samples to be processed simultaneously.

AB - A cation-exchange separation method has been developed for separating the rare earth elements from scandium, using hydrobromic acid as the eluent. Optimum conditions, chosen on the basis of tracer experiments, are: Dowex 50W-X8,200-400 mesh resin, 6.5-7 M HBr, and a flow rate of less than 0.9 cm/min. Under these conditions more thdn 99% of the REE are recovered in the first 12 column volumes of eluent, while leaving all the scandium on the column, and separation factors of 102-103 are readily attainable. This method has been used for radiochemical neutron activation analysis of meteorites, in conjunction with a procedure for determination of 19 sidero-phile or volatile elements. It is faster than the conventional hydroxide-fluoride precipitation, and hence permits a large number of samples to be processed simultaneously.

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