Single-cell genomics of uncultured bacteria reveals dietary fiber responders in the mouse gut microbiota

Rieka Chijiiwa, Masahito Hosokawa, Masato Kogawa, Yohei Nishikawa, Keigo Ide, Chikako Sakanashi, Kai Takahashi, Haruko Takeyama

研究成果: Article

2 引用 (Scopus)

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Background: The gut microbiota can have dramatic effects on host metabolism; however, current genomic strategies for uncultured bacteria have several limitations that hinder their ability to identify responders to metabolic changes in the microbiota. In this study, we describe a novel single-cell genomic sequencing technique that can identify metabolic responders at the species level without the need for reference genomes, and apply this method to identify bacterial responders to an inulin-based diet in the mouse gut microbiota. Results: Inulin-feeding changed the mouse fecal microbiome composition to increase Bacteroides spp., resulting in the production of abundant succinate in the mouse intestine. Using our massively parallel single-cell genome sequencing technique, named SAG-gel platform, we obtained 346 single-amplified genomes (SAGs) from mouse gut microbes before and after dietary inulin supplementation. After quality control, the SAGs were classified as 267 bacteria, spanning 2 phyla, 4 classes, 7 orders, and 14 families, and 31 different strains of SAGs were graded as high- and medium-quality draft genomes. From these, we have successfully obtained the genomes of the dominant inulin-responders, Bacteroides spp., and identified their polysaccharide utilization loci and their specific metabolic pathways for succinate production. Conclusions: Our single-cell genomics approach generated a massive amount of SAGs, enabling a functional analysis of uncultured bacteria in the intestinal microbiome. This enabled us to estimate metabolic lineages involved in the bacterial fermentation of dietary fiber and metabolic outcomes such as short-chain fatty acid production in the intestinal environment based on the fibers ingested. The technique allows the in-depth isolation and characterization of uncultured bacteria with specific functions in the microbiota and could be exploited to improve human and animal health. [MediaObject not available: see fulltext.].

元の言語English
記事番号5
ジャーナルMicrobiome
8
発行部数1
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 2020 1 23

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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