Electrospinning enables fabrication of nanowires (NWs) of various materials from a polymer solution. Nevertheless, few reports have described single crystallization of oxide and polyanion NWs. Its mechanism remains unknown. This report presents transmission electron microscopy observations of conversion from electrospun amorphous NWs to single-crystalline olivine lithium phosphate NWs. After nucleation and grain growth, single crystallization is achieved by the attachment of adjacent crystal grains with common crystallographic orientations in an amorphous phase confined to self-forming carbon shells. The present NW axes have no specific orientation. These results imply that self-forming shells play a key role in achieving single-crystalline NWs in electrospinning.
ASJC Scopus subject areas