To develop an analytical system for single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) technique was employed on a bacterial magnetic particle (BMP) surface. A combination of fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC; excitation 490 nm/emission 520 nm) labeled at the 5′ end of DNA and an intercalating compound (POPO-3, excitation 534 nm/emission 570 nm) was used to avoid the interference from light scattering caused by nanoparticles. After hybridization between target DNA immobilized onto BMPs and FITC-labeled probes, fluorescence from POPO-3, which was excited by the energy from the FITC, was detected. The major homozygous (ALDH2*1), heterozygous (ALDH2*1/*2), and minor homozygous (ALDH2*2) genotypes in the blood samples were discriminated by this method. The assay described herein allows for a simple and rapid SNP analysis using a fully automated system.
ASJC Scopus subject areas