Size dependences of magnetic properties and switching behavior in FePt L10 nanoparticles

S. Okamoto*, O. Kitakami, N. Kikuchi, T. Miyazaki, Y. Shimada, Y. K. Takahashi

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

79 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

We have prepared epitaxial FePt L10 (001) nanoparticles covered with Ag and Pt overlayers and investigated their magnetic behaviors by means of anomalous Hall resistance measurements. The particle shapes are thin oblate spheroids with the aspect ratio (height/diameter) of 1/5. The size is ranging from 1 to 2.5 nm in height and from 5 to 30 nm in diameter. FePt L10 nanoparticles show extremely large coercivity Hk of about 70 kOe at 10 K, which is close to the anisotropy field Hk of highly ordered FePt L10. This verifies that the very strong magnetic anisotropy Ku of FePt L10 remains even in the size of several atomic layers along the c axis. For a particle diameter of Dm<20 nm, all the magnetic properties, such as the angular dependence of irreversible switching field, the magnitude of Hc, and their temperature dependence, are fully explained by the coherent rotation model, taking the thermal relaxation into account. Although both Ag- and Pt-coated particles follow the coherent rotation model, the latter always exhibits smaller Hc than the former. Such a decrease in Hc can be explained by assuming an enhancement of the effective magnetic moment caused by ferromagnetic polarization of Pt atoms at the Pt/FePt interface. As the particle size Dm exceeds 20 nm, the magnetic behaviors deviate from the ideal coherent rotation model, suggesting that the magnetization reversal mode changes from coherent to incoherent rotation. The critical diameter Dm∼20 nm at which the reversal mode changes is in good agreement with the critical diameter predicted by the micromagnetic theory.

本文言語English
論文番号094422
ページ(範囲)944221-944227
ページ数7
ジャーナルPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
67
9
出版ステータスPublished - 2003 3 1
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 電子材料、光学材料、および磁性材料
  • 凝縮系物理学

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