Socioeconomic inequality in excessive body weight in Indonesia

Toshiaki Aizawa*, Matthias Helble

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

11 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Exploiting the Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS), this paper studies the transition of socioeconomic-related excess weight disparity, including overweight and obesity, from 1993 to 2014. First, we show that the proportions of overweight and obese people in Indonesia increased rapidly during the time period covered and that poorer groups exhibited a larger annual excess weight growth rate than richer groups (7.49 percent vs. 3.01 percent). Second, by calculating the concentration index, we confirm that the prevalence of obesity affected increasingly poorer segments of Indonesian society. Consequently, the concentration index decreased during the study period, from 0.287 to 0.093. Finally, decomposing the change in the concentration index of excess weight from 2000 to 2014, we show that a large part of the change can be explained by a decrease in the elasticity of wealth and improved sanitary conditions in poorer households. Overall, obesity in Indonesia no longer affects purely the wealthier segments of the population but the entire socioeconomic spectrum.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)315-327
ページ数13
ジャーナルEconomics and Human Biology
27
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2017 11
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 経済学、計量経済学および金融学(その他)

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