Spatiotemporally controlled navigation of neurite outgrowth in sequential steps on the dynamically photo-patternable surface

Yoshikuni Edagawa, Jun Nakanishi, Kazuo Yamaguchi, Naoya Takeda*

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果査読

18 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

A great number of the neurites interconnect neuronal cells in a brain to form the complicate neural circuits, whose structures are dynamically changed with changing the numbers and destinations of the neurites. Fabricating a model of neural network in vitro is one of the promising methods to precisely assay the signal transmission and processing within the circuit as well as to examine behaviors of individual cells. In this study, aiming to fabricate the dynamically alterable neural network in vitro, the chemically modified surface with the photo-reactive self-assembled monolayer was applied to navigate the neurite outgrowth activities of differentiated PC12 cell in the spatially and temporally controlled manner. Numbers of the cell soma were effectively adhered and simultaneously arrayed according to the 25 μm square patterns, which were easily fabricated with a single shot of the 365-nm ultraviolet (UV) irradiation and pre-coated with the extracellular matrix (ECM) protein. Narrow neurites were successively guided along the 5 μm line patterns drawn on the surface by stepwise irradiation of the UV light in the intended designs and at appropriate timing. Sprouting number, elongating direction, bending, branching, and formation of autapse-like structure were controllable. The rate of neurite elongation was dependent on the ECM species, that were pre-coated beneath the cell soma, suggesting the ECM stimulated the basal side of the cell soma and affected the outgrowth process of the neurite. Navigation of the neurite elongation along the microline pattern for a primary rat brain cortex neuron was also achieved.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)20-26
ページ数7
ジャーナルColloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces
99
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2012 11 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • バイオテクノロジー
  • 表面および界面
  • 物理化学および理論化学
  • コロイド化学および表面化学

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