Speech Enhancement Based on Bayesian Low-Rank and Sparse Decomposition of Multichannel Magnitude Spectrograms

Yoshiaki Bando, Katsutoshi Itoyama, Masashi Konyo, Satoshi Tadokoro, Kazuhiro Nakadai, Kazuyoshi Yoshii, Tatsuya Kawahara, Hiroshi G. Okuno

    研究成果: Article査読

    13 被引用数 (Scopus)

    抄録

    This paper presents a blind multichannel speech enhancement method that can deal with the time-varying layout of microphones and sound sources. Since nonnegative tensor factorization (NTF) separates a multichannelmagnitude (or power) spectrogram into source spectrograms without phase information, it is robust against the time-varying mixing system. This method, however, requires prior information such as the spectral bases (templates) of each source spectrogram in advance. To solve this problem, we develop a Bayesian model called robust NTF (Bayesian RNTF) that decomposes a multichannel magnitude spectrogram into target speech and noise spectrograms based on their sparseness and low rankness. Bayesian RNTF is applied to the challenging task of speech enhancement for a microphone array distributed on a hose-shaped rescue robot. When the robot searches for victims under collapsed buildings, the layout of themicrophones changes over time and some of them often fail to capture target speech. Our method robustly works under such situations, thanks to its characteristic of time-varying mixing system. Experiments using a 3-m hose-shaped rescue robot with eight microphones show that the proposed method outperforms conventional blind methods in enhancement performance by the signal-to-noise ratio of 1.03 dB.

    本文言語English
    ページ(範囲)215-230
    ページ数16
    ジャーナルIEEE/ACM Transactions on Audio Speech and Language Processing
    26
    2
    DOI
    出版ステータスPublished - 2018 2 1

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • 信号処理
    • メディア記述
    • 器械工学
    • 音響学および超音波学
    • 言語学および言語
    • 電子工学および電気工学
    • 言語聴覚療法

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