Possible structural aspects are discussed that justify the different resistance to reduction of 2,3,5-triphenyl-2H-tetrazolium chloride (TTC) both chemically (by reaction with ascorbic acid (ASC)) and electrochemically, in the presence of different polyelectrolytes such as poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate) (PSS), poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate-co-sodium maleate) at two different comonomer compositions (P(SS1-co-MA1) and P(SS 3-co-MA1)), and poly(sodium acrylate-co-sodium maleate) (P(AA1-co-MA1). Different dissociation constants are found for the complexes between TTC and the different polyelectrolytes by diafiltration (DF). Related to this, spectroscopical differences are also found by 1H NMR and UV-vis spectroscopies. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) showed a higher tendency to undergo intermolecular aggregation for P(SS 1-co-MA1) in the presence of TTC, a result that could be related with a higher tendency for TTC to form hydrophobic ion pairs as a consequence of single stacking with the benzene sulfonate groups (BS) of this polyelectrolyte. On the other hand, the lower tendency for PSS to undergo intermolecular aggregation could be attributable to a higher probability to form more hydrophilic adducts by means of double stacking with TTC.
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