The effect of lactate on synthesis of new proteins in isolated spermatids and spermatocytes of rats was examined. Lactate stimulated[35S]methionine ([35S]met) incorporation into both spermatids and spermatocytes. The rate of protein synthesis was positively correlated with the intracellular level of ATP. The [35S]met‐labeled proteins in the two types of cells were compared by one and two dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (1D and 2D‐PAGE) and autoradiography. The syntheses of several stagespecific and non‐specific proteins were observed. When spermatids and spermatocytes were cultured in medium without lactate, two major proteins of molecular weight (Mr) 43 kD and 55 kD were detected in the water‐soluble fraction (105,000 g supernatant), and one major protein of Mr 24 kD was observed in the membrane‐rich fraction. Addition of lactate to the incubation medium dramatically increased the synthesis of six proteins (Mr 14 kD, 16 kD, 43 kD, 55 kD, 84 kD and 135 kD) in the water‐soluble fractions of spermatids and spermatocytes, but did not stimulate the synthesis of the Mr 24 kD protein in the membrane‐rich fraction. In addition, after 1D and 2D‐PAGE and electrophoretic transfer to nitrocellulose, two proteins of Mr 43 kD and 55 kD were identified as actin and tubulin, respectively, on the basis of their reactivities with specific antisera. Tubulin was also produced by in vitro translation using a spermatid lysate. These results suggest that lactate may play an important role in changing the cell structure and shape during spermatogenesis by regulating the syntheses of actin and tubulin.
ASJC Scopus subject areas