The purpose of this study is to construct a robust and stable overlay tree of ALM (Application Layer Multicast) for real-time video transmission. Firstly, we propose a proactive route maintenance which enables fast recovery of the overlay tree against node departures and failures. By forcing free node degrees for route backup, signaling overheads for route maintenance can be reduced in a scalable manner. Secondly, we improve performance of the proposed method by introducing layered video coding. Smooth layer management instead of coarse degree management contributes to reduction of the depth of overlay tree (i.e. delay) as well as to efficient bandwidth utilization. Thirdly, we introduce session records of each node into the overlay tree construction. Long-term history of user access records is expected to bring more robust overlay trees. Finally, we carried out extensive evaluation experiments. Simulations and implementations demonstrate that our methods lead to fast recovery of the overlay tree against node departures and reduction of the signaling overheads. Furthermore, introduction of layered video coding is proved to be efficient to reduce delays, to improve bandwidth utilization and to avoid severe degradation of picture quality. Final experiments show that incorporation of node stability reduces the number of nodes affected by parent node departures by promoting adequate nodes to upper layer of the ALM tree.