Strength improvement in injection-molded jute-fiber-reinforced polylactide green-composites

Yoshihiko Arao*, Takayasu Fujiura, Satoshi Itani, Tatsuya Tanaka

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

54 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The mechanical properties of green-composites based on polylactic acid (PLA) with jute fibers were investigated. A long fiber pellet was developed to obtain a high aspect ratio of residual fiber after injection molding. Comparative studies were carried out, where shorter fiber pellets were compounded by different screw configurations using a twin-screw extruder. To interpret the results of our mechanical tests, the fiber geometry, dispersion state, and fiber fracture surfaces after tensile testing were analyzed. We found that the composites made of short fiber pellet (which suffer high compound intensity), exhibited optimal mechanical performance. Although, compounding with a twin-screw extruder decreased the overall aspect ratio of residual fibers, we observed that it significantly facilitated both the dispersion of the jute yarn to jute bundle and the decohesion of jute bundle to elementary fibers. This fiber separation caused by high intensity mixing led to efficient load transfer from matrix to fiber, and improvement of interfacial strength. These findings provide us with an insight into the critical parameters required to develop a high performing jute/PLA composite.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)200-206
ページ数7
ジャーナルComposites Part B: Engineering
68
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2015 1
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • セラミックおよび複合材料
  • 材料力学
  • 機械工学
  • 産業および生産工学

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