Strength training improves the steadiness of slow lengthening contractions performed by old adults

Douglass H. Laidlaw, Kurt W. Kornatz, Douglas A. Keen, Shuji Suzuki, Roger M. Enoka*

*この研究の対応する著者

    研究成果: Article査読

    114 被引用数 (Scopus)

    抄録

    When old adults participate in a strength-training program with heavy loads, they experience an increase in muscle strength and an improvement in the steadiness of submaximal isometric contractions. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of light- and heavy-load strength training on the ability of old adults to perform steady submaximal isometric and anisometric contractions. Thirty-two old adults (60-91 yr) participated in a 4-wk training program of a hand muscle. Both the light- and heavy-load groups increased one-repetition maximum and maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) strength and experienced similar improvements in the steadiness of the isometric and shortening and lengthening contractions. The increase in MVC strength was greater for the heavy-load group and could not be explained by changes in muscle activation. Before training, the lengthening contractions were less steady than the shortening contractions with the lightest loads (10% MVC). After training, there was no difference in steadiness between the shortening and lengthening contractions, except with the lightest load. These improvements were associated with a reduced level of muscle activation, especially during the lengthening contractions.

    本文言語English
    ページ(範囲)1786-1795
    ページ数10
    ジャーナルJournal of Applied Physiology
    87
    5
    出版ステータスPublished - 1999 11

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • 生理学
    • 内分泌学
    • 整形外科およびスポーツ医学
    • 理学療法、スポーツ療法とリハビリテーション

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