Oriented multilayered films composed of alternating siloxane layers and organic layers were prepared from mixtures of tetramethoxysilane [Si(OMe) 4] and unsaturated organotrimethoxysilane [RSi(OMe)3, where R is CH2CH(CH2)8- or CH 2CH(CH2)2CHCH(CH2)4-], and the structures and macroscopic properties of the films were studied. Hydrolysis and partial condensation of the precursors led to the formation of amphiphilic organosiloxane species which self-assemble into lamellar phases. Polymerization of the organic phase occurred by UV irradiation, as evidenced by substantial decreases of the IR absorption bands due to -CHCH2 or -CHCH- groups. The hardness of the films was remarkably increased by the irradiation, due to the covalent linking of adjacent siloxane layers by organic polymerization. The films after organic polymerization had a much higher resistance to an alkaline solution, which enabled the patterning of the films on the micrometer length scale. These results provide an important insight into the structure-property relationships of nanostructured hybrid materials prepared by sol-gel chemistry.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化学 (全般)