Study on PEFC membrane based on crosslinked FEP using EB-grafting

Akio Matsuura, Tomoyuki Kakigi, Yukiko Sato, Kazuki Fujii, Naohiro Mitani, Jingye Li, Akihiro Oshima, Masakazu Washio

研究成果: Article査読

11 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) membranes based on crosslinked tetrafluoroethylene-co-hexafluoropropylene (FEP) have been fabricated by pre-irradiation grafting method. The chemical structures of crosslinked materials have been analyzed by Differential Scanning Calorimeter (DSC) and 19F solid-state Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The radical yields of irradiated samples were measued by Electron Spin Resonance (ESR), and the mechanism of grafting reaction has been discussed. The styrene grafted materials were sulfonated by chlorosulfonic acid. The ion exchange capacity of the obtained sulfonated crosslinked FEP (S-FEP-X) showed 2.0 to 2.4 meq/g, which were 2.2 to 2.7 times higher than that of Nafion®112. Class transition temperatures (Tg) of S-FEP-X were almost independent on crosslinking dose of FEP, and show about 96°C, which are slightly higher than that of Nafion®. The electrochemical properties of the membranes have been measured, and cell performances of them have been evaluated. Ionic conductivities (ICs) of S-FEP-X are 1.2 to 1.6 times higher than that of Nafion®. The higher network densities gave the higher open circuit voltage (OCV). The power density of S-FEP-6ookGy was about 10% higher than that of Nafion® at 500mA/cm2. Thus, the obtained sulfonated membranes can be expected to apply for high efficiency PEFC.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)221-227
ページ数7
ジャーナルMacromolecular Symposia
249-250
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2007 8 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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