Study on the concept of learning by elementary school students in physical education classes in Japan

Yuta Ono*, Masanori Kaji

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Problem Statement: Designing a learning strategy in physical education is essential. An important learning strategy in physical education is the notion of “conceptions of learning,” which are considered to be possessed by the learner himself/herself.Combined with the uniqueness of physical education as an academic subject, where learning methods are directed toward motor learning, it can be assumed that conceptions of learning specific to physical education have been developed in learners’ minds. Purpose: The aim of this study was to develop a “physical education learning concept scale for elementary school students” and revealJapanese elementary school students’ viewson learning in physical education. Approach:A pilot survey was conducted, followed by the main survey with 1,403 public elementary school students across Japan using the questionnaire survey method. Results: 1) The exploratory factor analysis revealed that the physical education learning concept scale comprisesfive factors: “motor skills learning,” “mind and body improvement,” “cultivation of communication skills,” “perceived attraction of physical activity,” and “acquisition of knowledge on physical body and movements.” 2) Reliability and a certain degree of validity of the physical education learning concept scale was confirmed by its internal consistency. Further, confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated factor invariance. 3) The analyses on grade and gender differences revealed that 6th graders had significantly higher scores than 5th graders on “motor skills learning” and “acquisition of knowledge on physical body and movements,” and that girls had a significantly higher score than boys on “cultivation of communication skills.” Conclusion:Lessons based on active learning on the part of learners should be keenly promoted. We must seek to develop independent learners while paying close attention to viewpoints that could promote such a form of learning.

本文言語English
論文番号195
ページ(範囲)1415-1422
ページ数8
ジャーナルJournal of Physical Education and Sport
20
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2020 5

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 理学療法、スポーツ療法とリハビリテーション

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