TY - CHAP

T1 - Sub-optimality of a JIT production system with stochastic demand

AU - Ohno, Katsuhisa

AU - Nakashima, Kenichi

AU - Kojima, Mitsutoshi

PY - 1996/12/1

Y1 - 1996/12/1

N2 - To maintain a Just-In-Time (JIT) production system, two kinds of kanbans, that is, a production-ordering and a withdrawal kanbans are used as tools to control the production and withdrawal quantities in each process. The numbers of kanbans used in each process decide the performance of the JIT production system. In a previous paper, the authors considered the JIT production system with a stochastic demand, and proposed an algorithm for finding optimal numbers of two kinds of kanbans that minimized an expected average cost per period. This paper deals with the optimal control problem of the same production system which does not use kanbans. A problem of determining an optimal ordering and production policy that minimizes the expected average cost per period is formulated into a Markov decision process (MDP). Numerical comparisons between optimal policies computed by the MDP and kanban controls by optimal numbers of kanbans show that the JIT production system is sub-optimal.

AB - To maintain a Just-In-Time (JIT) production system, two kinds of kanbans, that is, a production-ordering and a withdrawal kanbans are used as tools to control the production and withdrawal quantities in each process. The numbers of kanbans used in each process decide the performance of the JIT production system. In a previous paper, the authors considered the JIT production system with a stochastic demand, and proposed an algorithm for finding optimal numbers of two kinds of kanbans that minimized an expected average cost per period. This paper deals with the optimal control problem of the same production system which does not use kanbans. A problem of determining an optimal ordering and production policy that minimizes the expected average cost per period is formulated into a Markov decision process (MDP). Numerical comparisons between optimal policies computed by the MDP and kanban controls by optimal numbers of kanbans show that the JIT production system is sub-optimal.

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M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:0030411528

T3 - Proceedings of the Japan/USA Symposium on Flexible Automation

SP - 1253

EP - 1256

BT - Proceedings of the Japan/USA Symposium on Flexible Automation

A2 - Stelson, K.

A2 - Oba, F.

T2 - Proceedings of the 1996 Japan-USA Symposium on Flexible Automation. Part 2 (of 2)

Y2 - 7 July 1996 through 10 July 1996

ER -