Surface analysis of the proton exchange membranes prepared by pre-irradiation induced grafting of styrene/divinylbenzene into crosslinked thin PTFE membranes

Jingye Li*, Shogo Ichizuri, Saneto Asano, Fumihiro Mutou, Shigetoshi Ikeda, Minoru Iida, Takaharu Miura, Akihiro Oshima, Yoneho Tabata, Masakazu Washio

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

28 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The proton exchange membranes were obtained by pre-irradiation induced grafting of styrene with or without divinylbenzene (DVB) into thin crosslinked polytetrafluoroethylene (RX-PTFE) membranes with the thickness around 10 μm and successive sulfonation. The surface chemical structure and morphology of the non-grafted, the grafted, and the grafted and sulfonated RX-PTFE membranes were studied by means of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis. From the F/C atom ratio result, it was known that there are mainly polystyrene grafts on the surfaces of the styrene grafted RX-PTFE membranes, while there are mainly PTFE chains on the surfaces of the RX-PTFE membranes grafted by styrene together with DVB. "Wave" shape morphology on the surfaces of the grafted RX-PTFE membranes was observed. The F/C atom ratios on the surfaces of the grafted and sulfonated membranes are little lower than the corresponding grafted membranes before sulfonation. On the surface of the sulfonated membranes, the "wave" shape morphology was also observed. The distributions of the polystyrene grafts in the RX-PTFE membranes matrixes were strongly affected by the concentration of the crosslinking co-monomer, DVB, used in the graft polymerization, and the sulfonation will not change the distribution of the grafts obviously.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)260-272
ページ数13
ジャーナルApplied Surface Science
245
1-4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2005 5月 30

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 化学 (全般)
  • 凝縮系物理学
  • 物理学および天文学(全般)
  • 表面および界面
  • 表面、皮膜および薄膜

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