The susceptibility of Ni-Ti superelastic alloys to hydrogen embrittlement has been examined by means of a delayed-fracture test and hydrogen thermal desorption analysis. It was found that the time to fracture was drastically reduced when the applied stress exceeded the critical stress for martensite transformation. In the applied stress range lower than the critical stress, the time to fracture lessened in the order of instability of the alloys to undergo reversible martensite transformation. Hydrogen thermal desorption of specimens subjected to delayed-fracture test is classified into two types according to the applied stress level. The amount of desorbed hydrogen was markedly increased when the applied stress was higher than the critical stress. It was concluded that Ni-Ti superelastic alloys transformed to martensite are sensitive to environmental conditions accompanying accelerated hydrogen embrittlement.
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