Sustainability implications of the evolution of rice farming amid rural poverty: The case of the Chhotanagpur Plateau in Eastern India

Pabitra Banik, Christopher Edmonds, Nobuhiko Fuwa

    研究成果: Article

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    This paper analyses longitudinal household surveys from Purulia and Giridih, two adjacent districts on the Chhotanagpur Plateau in Eastern India in 1997 and 2006, to assess the sustainability of the evolving local rice-based agricultural system. Increasing population with little outmigration suggests mounting burden on the already fragile land endowment. The pattern of land sales and purchases suggests land consolidation among fewer farmers is not a concern. Use of high yielding varieties (HYVs) and of chemical inputs increased in both districts. However, rice yields have increased in Purulia but stagnated in Giridih. Socioeconomic progress is more apparent in Purulia in other aspects as well, such as its land reform policy, the Panchayat system and higher rate of HYV adoption. Sustainability of the agricultural system in Purulia may be less than in Giridih due to its pattern of land transactions and the cautious move among farmers toward high-chemical intensity agriculture.

    元の言語English
    ページ(範囲)282-297
    ページ数16
    ジャーナルJournal of Sustainable Development
    7
    発行部数4
    DOI
    出版物ステータスPublished - 2014

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
    • Environmental Science(all)
    • Development
    • Geography, Planning and Development

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