Synthesis and chemistry of 1,3,5,7-tetranitrocubane including measurement of its acidity, formation of o-nitro anions, and the first preparations of pentanitrocubane and hexanitrocubane

Kirill A. Lukin, Jianchang Li, Philip E. Eaton*, Nobuhiro Kanomata, Jürgen Hain, Eric Punzalan, Richard Gilardi

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果査読

65 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Nitro groups on alternate corners of cubane enhance the acidity of cubyl hydrogen (pK(a) ~21) and provide sufficient activation for ready anion formation. The sodium salt of 1,3,5,7-tetranitrocubane reacts easily with electrophiles and leads thereby to yet more highly substituted cubanes, like carbomethoxy- and (trimethylsilyl)tetranitrocubane. Anions from these species are also easily formed and are useful for further substitution on the cubane nucleus. Dinitrogen tetraoxide reacts with the anion of tetranitrocubane to give 1,2,3,5,7-pentanitrocubane, the first cubane to contain vicinal nitro groups. The reaction probably involves oxidation of the anion to the corresponding radical. Similarly, the anion of pentanitrocubane is used to prepare 1,2,3,4,5,7-hexanitrocubane, the most highly nitrated cubane made to date. Single-crystal X-ray structural information is given for both penta- and hexanitrocubane.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)9591-9602
ページ数12
ジャーナルJournal of the American Chemical Society
119
41
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 1997 1 1
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 触媒
  • 化学 (全般)
  • 生化学
  • コロイド化学および表面化学

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