Synthesis and properties of sulfonium polyelectrolytes for biological applications

Sean T. Hemp, Michael H. Allen, Adam E. Smith, Timothy Edward Long*

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果査読

32 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Sulfonium macromolecules displayed for the first time nucleic acid binding and transfection in vitro. Conventional and controlled radical polymerization techniques coupled with subsequent alkylation generated a sulfonium homopolymer, poly(DMSEMA), and a sulfonium diblock copolymer, poly(OEG-b-DMSEMA). DNA gel shift assays probed the ability of sulfonium macromolecules to complex nucleic acids, and luciferase assays examined the transfection efficiency and cytotoxicity of both sulfonium macromolecules. Poly(DMSEMA) and poly(OEG-b-DMSEMA) bound pDNA at a charge ratio of 1, and both induced significant luciferase expression in HeLa cells under serum-free conditions. Colloidal stability studies using dynamic light scattering highlighted the excellent colloidal stability of poly(OEG-b-DMSEMA) under salt and serum conditions due to the sterically stabilizing OEG block. Sulfonium macromolecules offer an alternate route to design cationic macromolecules for nonviral nucleic acid delivery, and future work will aim to add functionality to create more efficient delivery vehicles.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)731-735
ページ数5
ジャーナルACS Macro Letters
2
8
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2013 9 2
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 有機化学
  • 材料化学
  • ポリマーおよびプラスチック
  • 無機化学

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