A mesostructured silica-based material was synthesized by self-assembly of a novel amphiphilic molecule consisting of a well-defined siloxane head with a double five-ring (D5R) structure and a hydrophobic alkyl tail. A precursor functionalized with ethoxy groups, C22H45Si 10O15(OEt)9 (1), was hydrolyzed under an acidic condition with the retention of the D5R units, leading to the formation of two-dimensional (2D) hexagonal phase by evaporation-induced self-assembly of amphiphilic hydrolyzed molecules. Solid-state 29Si MAS NMR analysis of the resulting hybrid solid confirmed that the D5R units were cross-linked to form siloxane networks. Calcination of this hybrid solid gave mesoporous silica with high BET surface area (740 m2 g-1). These results expand the design possibility of silica-based materials at both molecular- and meso-scales, leading to the bottom up synthesis of hierarchically ordered materials.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化学 (全般)