This paper introduces the development of a tactile device using a shape-memory alloy and describes the information transmission by the higher psychological perception, such as the phantom sensation and the apparent movement of the tactility. The authors paid attention to the characteristic of a shape-memory alloy formed into a thread, which changes its length according to its body temperature, and developed a vibration-generating actuator electrically driven by periodic signals generated by current control circuits, for the tactile information transmissioa The size of the actuator is quite compact, and the energy consumption is only 20mW. By coupling the actuators as a pair, an information-transmission system was constructed for presenting the apparent movement of the tactility to transmit a quite novel sensation to a user. Based on the preliminary experiment, the parameters for the tactile information transmission were examined. Then the information transmission by the device was tested by 10 subjects and evaluated by questionnaires. The apparent movement was especially well perceived by users as a sensation of a small object running on the skin surface or as being tapped by something, according to the well-determined signals given to the actuators. Several users reported that they perceived a novel rubbing sensation given by the AM, and we further experimented the presentation of the sensation in detail to be used as a sensory-aids tactile display for handicapped and elderly people.
|ジャーナル||International Journal on Disability and Human Development|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2006 1月 1|
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