Tantalum oxide (TaO 3) nanosheets coated on the surface of a LiCoO 2 cathode decrease its interfacial resistance in a solid-state battery by two orders of magnitude. Since the interfacial resistance is rate-determining in the solid-state system, the interfacial structure of the nanosheet is anticipated to pave the way for realising high-performance solid-state lithium batteries. The reduction in the interfacial resistance also strongly suggests that the TaO 3 nanosheet is a self-standing solid electrolyte layer with an ultimate thinness of 1 nm. It has a wide band gap and a mesh structure with openings that are almost the same in size as the lithium ion, which prevents electronic conduction and allows the penetration of lithium ions, respectively.
ASJC Scopus subject areas