Temperature of a Hamiltonian system given as the effective temperature of a nonequilibrium steady-state Langevin thermostat

Kumiko Hayashi, Mitsunori Takano

    研究成果: Article

    7 引用 (Scopus)

    抄録

    In nonequilibrium steady states (NESS) far from equilibrium, it is known that the Einstein relation is violated. Then, the ratio of the diffusion coefficient to the mobility is called an effective temperature, and the physical relevance of this effective temperature has been studied in several works. Although the physical relevance is not yet completely clear, it has been found that the role of an effective temperature in NESS is indeed analogous to that of the temperature in equilibrium systems in a number of respects. In this paper, we find further evidence establishing this analogy. We employ a nonequilibrium Langevin system as a thermostat for a Hamiltonian system and find that the kinetic temperature of this Hamiltonian system is equal to the effective temperature of the thermostat.

    元の言語English
    記事番号050104
    ジャーナルPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
    76
    発行部数5
    DOI
    出版物ステータスPublished - 2007 11 28

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    Thermostat
    Nonequilibrium Steady State
    thermostats
    Hamiltonian Systems
    temperature
    Diffusion Coefficient
    Non-equilibrium
    Albert Einstein
    Analogy
    diffusion coefficient
    Kinetics
    kinetics

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physics and Astronomy(all)
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
    • Mathematical Physics

    これを引用

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