A strained SiGe layer will be used in next-generation transistors to improve device performance along with device scaling. However, the stress relaxation of the SiGe layer may be inevitable in nanodevices, because the SiGe layer is processed into a nanostructure. In this study, we evaluated the anisotropic stress relaxation in mesa-shaped strained SiGe layers on a Si substrate by electron backscattering pattern (EBSP) measurement. Moreover, we compared the results of EBSP measurement with those of anisotropic Raman measurement and finite element method (FEM) simulation. As a result, the anisotropic stress relaxation obtained by Raman spectroscopy was confirmed by EBSP measurement. Additionally, we obtained a good correlation between the results of EBSP measurement and FEM simulation. The xx and yy stresses were markedly relaxed and the zz and xz stresses were concentrated at the SiGe layer edges. These stresses were mostly relaxed in the distance range from the SiGe layer edges to 200 nm. Therefore, in a SiGe nanostructure with a scale of less than 200 nm, stress relaxation is inevitable. The results of EBSP and Raman measurements, and FEM simulation show a common tendency. We believe that EBSP measurement is useful for the evaluation of stress tensors and is complementary to Raman measurement.
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