The Birth of Sports Medicine in Prewar Japan: A Perspective on Its Ideological and Organizational Origins

Rikuma Sasaki*, Kohei Kawashima

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

The relationship between sports and medicine in Japan has remained largely unexplored by historians. This paper aims to clarify the historical context in which the relationship became closer and the professional practice called ‘sports medicine’ grew in relation to the social and political situation surrounding sports around 1930 in prewar Japan. From the late-1920s to the early 1930s, the view on sports of sports medical scientists, who had come to occupy a position as experts on sportspeople’s bodies, was different from that of physical education and exercise advocates, and they rejected the framing of sports as physical education. Also, the mechanism for realizing sports medicine research and the application of the findings were not established by the state-led movement, but by private sports medicine organizations. It can thus be said that sports medicine was the product of a movement by the sports world to define sports and the ‘sportsman’, and to autonomously prevent the physical harm of sports and at the same time contribute to the improvement of athletic performance.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)913-933
ページ数21
ジャーナルInternational Journal of the History of Sport
38
8
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 履歴
  • 社会科学(その他)

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