The Contingent Effects of Candidate Sex on Voter Choice

Yoshikuni Ono*, Barry C. Burden

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

14 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

A prominent explanation for why women are significantly underrepresented in public office in the U.S. is that stereotypes lead voters to favor male candidates over female candidates. Yet whether voters actually use a candidate’s sex as a voting heuristic in the presence of other common information about candidates remains a surprisingly unsettled question. Using a conjoint experiment that controls for stereotypes, we show that voters are biased against female candidates but in some unexpected ways. The average effect of a candidate’s sex on voter decisions is small in magnitude, is limited to presidential rather than congressional elections, and appears only among male voters. More importantly, independent voters display the greatest negative bias against female candidates. The results suggest that partisanship works as a kind of “insurance” for voters who can be sure that the party affiliation of the candidate will represent their views in office regardless of the sex of the candidate.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)583-607
ページ数25
ジャーナルPolitical Behavior
41
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2019 9 15
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 社会学および政治科学

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