The effect of national suicide prevention programs on suicide rates in 21 OECD nations

Tetsuya Matsubayashi*, Michiko Ueda

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

56 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Suicide has become a serious and growing public health problem in many countries. To address the problem of suicide, some countries have developed comprehensive suicide prevention programs as a collective political effort. However, no prior research has offered a systematic test of their effectiveness using cross-national data. This paper evaluates whether the national suicide prevention programs in twenty-one OECD nations had the anticipated effect of reducing suicide rates. By analyzing data between 1980 and 2004 with a fixed-effect estimator, we test whether there is a statistically meaningful difference in the suicide rates before and after the implementation of national suicide prevention programs. Our panel data analysis shows that the overall suicide rates decreased after nationwide suicide prevention programs were introduced. These government-led suicide prevention programs are most effective in preventing suicides among the elderly and young populations. By contrast, the suicide rates of working-age groups, regardless of gender, do not seem to respond to the introduction of national prevention programs. Our findings suggest that the presence of a national strategy can be effective in reducing suicide rates.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1395-1400
ページ数6
ジャーナルSocial Science and Medicine
73
9
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2011 11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 健康(社会科学)
  • 科学史および科学哲学

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