Zr is one of the essential elements to stabilize the ThMn12 structure in rare earth (R) transition metal (M) hard magnetic compounds, RM12. In this work, the effects of Zr on the intrinsic hard magnetic properties of (Sm1-x Zrx)(Fe0.8Co0.2)12 compounds are investigated using epitaxially grown thin films. The increase of Zr substitution for Sm from x = 0 to 0.26 for (Sm1-x Zrx)(Fe0.8Co0.2)12 increases saturation magnetization (μ0Ms) from 1.78 T to 1.90 T, the highest value reported for hard magnetic compounds. The largest μ0Ha and Tc for Zr-doped samples were found to be 9.8 T and 671 K for x = 0.18 which is superior to those for Nd2Fe14B. Sm-rich Sm1.30Zr0.27(Fe0.8Co0.2)12, obtained as sub-μm thick films, has remanence, μ0Mr of 1 T, which appears to be useful for near-field applications such as micro-electro-machines and magnetic recording media if microstructure can be optimized to obtain a sufficient coercivity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Polymers and Plastics
- Metals and Alloys