The effects of school desegregation on infant health

Menghan Shen

研究成果: Article査読

5 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

This paper examines the effects of school desegregation on infant health using birth certificate data from 1970 to 2002 and a multiple difference-in-differences approach that exploits variation in the timing of desegregation across counties. Using cohort fixed effects and county fixed effects, I find that among black mothers in Southern regions, school desegregation reduces preterm births by 1.7 percentage points. These results are robust to county-specific cohort trends, county-specific year trends, and state-specific cohort fixed effects. In addition, school desegregation increases maternal education and prenatal care in the first trimester and decreases the likelihood of the child having a teenage father. These may be important pathways to improved infant health. This paper adds to the growing literature on the importance of school desegregation in areas beyond academic achievement.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)104-118
ページ数15
ジャーナルEconomics and Human Biology
30
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2018 9月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 健康(社会科学)

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