The effects of sports drink osmolality on fluid intake and immunoendocrine responses to cycling in hot conditions

Katsuhiko Suzuki, Hideki Hashimoto, Taewoong Oh, Toshimichi Ishijima, Hiromichi Mitsuda, Jonathan M. Peake, Shizuo Sakamoto, Isao Muraoka, Mitsuru Higuchi

研究成果: Article

6 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

We investigated the effects of two carbohydrate-based sports drinks on fluid intake and immunoendocrine responses to cycling. Six well-trained male cyclists completed trials on three separate days that involved cycling at 60% Vdot;O2peak for 90 min in hot conditions (28.1±1.5°C and 56.6±3.1% relative humidity). During each trial, the subjects consumed ad libitum (1) an isotonic sports drink (osmolality 317 mOsm/kg), (2) a hypotonic sports drink (osmolality 193 mOsm/kg) or (3) plain water. The cyclists consumed significantly (p<0.05) more of the isotonic drink (1.23±0.35 L) and hypotonic drink (1.44±0.55 L) compared with water (0.73±0.26 L). Compared with water (-0.96±0.26 kg), body mass decreased significantly less after consuming the hypotonic drink (-0.50±0.38 kg) but not the isotonic drink (-0.51±0.41 kg). Blood glucose concentration was significantly higher at the end of the isotonic and hypotonic drink trials compared with the water trial. Neutrophil count and the plasma concentrations of catecholamines, interleukin 6 (IL-6), myeloperoxidase, calprotectin and myoglobin increased significantly during all three trials. IL-6 and calprotectin were significantly lower following the hypotonic drink trial compared with the water trial. In conclusion, hypotonic sports drinks are appealing for athletes to drink during exercise, and may help to offset fluid losses and attenuate some inflammatory responses to exercise.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)206-212
ページ数7
ジャーナルJournal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
59
発行部数3
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 2013

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Osmolar Concentration
Sports
Water
Leukocyte L1 Antigen Complex
Interleukin-6
Exercise
Myoglobin
Humidity
Athletes
Peroxidase
Catecholamines
Blood Glucose
Neutrophils
Carbohydrates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

これを引用

The effects of sports drink osmolality on fluid intake and immunoendocrine responses to cycling in hot conditions. / Suzuki, Katsuhiko; Hashimoto, Hideki; Oh, Taewoong; Ishijima, Toshimichi; Mitsuda, Hiromichi; Peake, Jonathan M.; Sakamoto, Shizuo; Muraoka, Isao; Higuchi, Mitsuru.

:: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology, 巻 59, 番号 3, 2013, p. 206-212.

研究成果: Article

Suzuki, Katsuhiko ; Hashimoto, Hideki ; Oh, Taewoong ; Ishijima, Toshimichi ; Mitsuda, Hiromichi ; Peake, Jonathan M. ; Sakamoto, Shizuo ; Muraoka, Isao ; Higuchi, Mitsuru. / The effects of sports drink osmolality on fluid intake and immunoendocrine responses to cycling in hot conditions. :: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology. 2013 ; 巻 59, 番号 3. pp. 206-212.
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abstract = "We investigated the effects of two carbohydrate-based sports drinks on fluid intake and immunoendocrine responses to cycling. Six well-trained male cyclists completed trials on three separate days that involved cycling at 60{\%} Vdot;O2peak for 90 min in hot conditions (28.1±1.5°C and 56.6±3.1{\%} relative humidity). During each trial, the subjects consumed ad libitum (1) an isotonic sports drink (osmolality 317 mOsm/kg), (2) a hypotonic sports drink (osmolality 193 mOsm/kg) or (3) plain water. The cyclists consumed significantly (p<0.05) more of the isotonic drink (1.23±0.35 L) and hypotonic drink (1.44±0.55 L) compared with water (0.73±0.26 L). Compared with water (-0.96±0.26 kg), body mass decreased significantly less after consuming the hypotonic drink (-0.50±0.38 kg) but not the isotonic drink (-0.51±0.41 kg). Blood glucose concentration was significantly higher at the end of the isotonic and hypotonic drink trials compared with the water trial. Neutrophil count and the plasma concentrations of catecholamines, interleukin 6 (IL-6), myeloperoxidase, calprotectin and myoglobin increased significantly during all three trials. IL-6 and calprotectin were significantly lower following the hypotonic drink trial compared with the water trial. In conclusion, hypotonic sports drinks are appealing for athletes to drink during exercise, and may help to offset fluid losses and attenuate some inflammatory responses to exercise.",
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