Space charge formation in polymeric materials can cause some serious concern in real operation, because it has significant influence on the performance of polymers. For example, space charge in some insulating materials can severely distort the electric field, even lead to materials degradation. On the contrary, in the case of its applications, space charge stored in electrets can greatly improve their properties. It is therefore important to understand trapped charge distribution in materials as it is considered to be a novel indicator for effective evaluation of aging status and electric withstanding strength of insulating materials. In this paper, a model based on isothermal surface potential decay (ISPD) is proposed to study the distribution of trapped charges by considering the physical mechanism of the detrapping process. By measuring the ISPD characteristics of polymeric materials and fitting the data according to the assumption of shallow and deep traps, the distribution of trapped charges is obtained, which may be related to the change of aggregation structure of polymers. In order to verify the model, it is used to analyze different ISPD decay curves of polypropylene (PP) and low density polyethylene (LDPE), as well as the ISPD data of PP electrets with/without pressure expanding treatment. The results show that the proposed ISPD model is effective and convenient. Two peaks are observed on the curve of the trapped charge density versus the trap level. The obtained distribution of the trapped charges in polymers can reveal the different nature of electron/hole traps and the different transportation behavior of hole/electron carriers, i.e., the electron-type traps show an inter-chain character while the character of hole-type traps is intra-chain. In addition, the distribution of trapped charge is further related to aggregation structure of PP and LDPE, as well as PP electrets with/without pressure expanding treatment.
|ジャーナル||IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2015 6月 1|
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