Purpose: This retrospective nationwide survey investigated the quality of life (QOL) of patients with esophagogastric junction cancer after gastrectomy using the Postgastrectomy Syndrome Assessment Scale-45. Methods: The Postgastrectomy Syndrome Assessment Scale-45 comprises 45 questions classified into symptoms, living status, and QOL domains. A total of 1950 gastrectomized patients with upper-third gastric or esophagogastric junction cancer returned the completed forms. Among them, 224 eligible patients with esophagogastric junction cancer were selected, including 86, 120, and 18 patients who underwent total gastrectomy, proximal gastrectomy (reconstruction-esophagogastrostomy: 56; double-tract method: 51), and other procedures, respectively. Results: The postoperative period was significantly shorter (47 ± 30 vs. 34 ± 30 months, p = 0.002), and the rates of early-stage disease and minimally invasive approaches significantly higher (both p < 0.001) in the proximal gastrectomy group than in the total gastrectomy group. Despite advantageous background factors for proximal gastrectomy, the postoperative QOL did not differ markedly between the groups. Compared to patients who underwent reconstruction with the double-tract method, patients who underwent esophagogastrostomy had significantly larger remnant stomachs but a similar QOL. Conclusion: Even with total gastrectomy, a postoperative QOL comparable to that with proximal gastrectomy can be maintained. Clarifying the optimal reconstruction methods for proximal gastrectomy for esophagogastric junction cancer is warranted. Trial registration: This study was registered at the University Hospital Medical Information Network Clinical Trials Registry (UMIN-CTR; registration number: 000032221).
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