The Helmholtz–Weyl decomposition of Lr vector fields for two dimensional exterior domains

Matthias Hieber, Hideo Kozono, Anton Seyfert, Senjo Shimizu*, Taku Yanagisawa

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Let Ω be a two-dimensional exterior domain with smooth boundary ∂Ω and 1 < r< ∞. Then Lr(Ω) 2 allows a Helmholtz–Weyl decomposition, i.e., for every u∈ Lr(Ω) 2 there exist h∈Xharr(Ω), w∈ H˙ 1,r(Ω) and p∈ H˙ 1,r(Ω) such that u=h+rotw+∇p.The function h can be chosen alternatively also from Vharr(Ω), another space of harmonic vector fields subject to different boundary conditions. These spaces Xharr(Ω) and Vharr(Ω) of harmonic vector fields are known to be finite dimensional. The above decomposition is unique if and only if 1 < r≦ 2 , while in the case 2 < r< ∞, uniqueness holds only modulo a one dimensional subspace of Lr(Ω) 2. The corresponding result for the three dimensional setting was proved in our previous paper, where in contrast to the two dimensional case, there are two threshold exponents, namely r= 3 / 2 and r= 3. In our two dimensional situation, r= 2 is the only critical exponent, which determines the validity of a unique Helmholtz–Weyl decomposition.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)5146-5165
ページ数20
ジャーナルJournal of Geometric Analysis
31
5
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 5

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 幾何学とトポロジー

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