The impact of air pollutants on rainwater chemistry during “urban-induced heavy rainfall” in downtown Tokyo, Japan

Ryunosuke Uchiyama*, Hiroshi Okochi, Naoya Katsumi, Hiroko Ogata

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果査読

15 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

In order to clarify the impact of air pollution on the formation of sudden and locally distributed heavy rain in urban areas (hereafter UHR = urban-induced heavy rain), we analyzed inorganic ions in rainwater samples collected on an event basis over 5 years from October 2012 to December 2016 in Shinjuku, Tokyo. Hourly rainfall amounts and wet deposition fluxes of acidic components (the sum of H+, NH4+, NO3, and nonsea-salt SO42-) in UHR were 13.1 and 17.8 times larger than those in normal rainfall, respectively, indicating that large amount of air pollutants were scavenged and deposited by UHR with large amounts of rainfall. The level of air pollutants, such as NO2, SO2, and potential ozone, in the ambient air increased just before the formation of UHR and decreased sharply at the end of the UHR event. These results indicate that NO2, which was formed secondarily by oxidants, was further oxidized by HO radicals and formed HNO3 just before the formation of UHR, which was subsequently scavenged by UHR.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)6502-6519
ページ数18
ジャーナルJournal of Geophysical Research
122
12
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 地球物理学
  • 林業
  • 海洋学
  • 水圏科学
  • 生態学
  • 水の科学と技術
  • 土壌科学
  • 地球化学および岩石学
  • 地表過程
  • 大気科学
  • 地球惑星科学(その他)
  • 宇宙惑星科学
  • 古生物学

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