The Influence of Compression Socks During a Marathon on Exercise-Associated Muscle Damage

Amanda L. Zaleski, Linda S. Pescatello, Kevin D. Ballard, Gregory A. Panza, William Adams, Yuri Hosokawa, Paul D. Thompson, Beth A. Taylor

研究成果: Article査読

1 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

CONTEXT: Compression socks have become increasingly popular with athletes due to perceived enhancement of exercise performance and recovery. However, research examining the efficacy of compression socks to reduce exercise-associated muscle damage has been equivocal, with few direct measurements of markers of muscle damage. OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of compression socks worn during a marathon on creatine kinase (CK) levels. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. SETTING: 2013 Hartford Marathon, Hartford, CT. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (n = 20) randomized to control (CONTROL; n = 10) or compression sock (SOCK; n = 10) groups. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Blood samples were collected 24 hours before, immediately after, and 24 hours following the marathon for the analysis of CK, a marker of muscle damage. RESULTS: Baseline CK levels did not differ between CONTROL (89.3 [41.2] U/L) and SOCK (100.0 [56.2] U/L) (P = .63). Immediately following the marathon (≤1 h), CK increased 273% from baseline (P < .001 for time), with no difference in exercise-induced changes in CK from baseline between CONTROL (+293.9 [278.2] U/L) and SOCK (+233.1 [225.3] U/L; P = .60 for time × group). The day following the marathon (≤24 h), CK further increased 1094% from baseline (P < .001 for time), with no difference in changes in CK from baseline between CONTROL (+ 1191.9 [1194.8] U/L) and SOCK (+889.1 [760.2] U/L; P = .53 for time × group). These similar trends persisted despite controlling for potential covariates such as age, body mass index, and race finishing time (Ps > .29). CONCLUSIONS: Compression socks worn during a marathon do not appear to mitigate objectively measured markers of muscle damage immediately following and 24 hours after a marathon.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)724-728
ページ数5
ジャーナルJournal of sport rehabilitation
28
7
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2019 9月 1
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生物理学
  • 整形外科およびスポーツ医学
  • 理学療法、スポーツ療法とリハビリテーション
  • リハビリテーション

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