The mechanisms of fibroblast-mediated compaction of collagen gels and the mechanical niche around individual fibroblasts

Zhonggang Feng*, Yusuke Wagatsuma, Masato Kikuchi, Tadashi Kosawada, Takao Nakamura, Daisuke Sato, Nobuyuki Shirasawa, Tatsuo Kitajima, Mitsuo Umezu

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

26 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Fibroblast-mediated compaction of collagen gels attracts extensive attention in studies of wound healing, cellular fate processes, and regenerative medicine. However, the underlying mechanism and the cellular mechanical niche still remain obscure. This study examines the mechanical behaviour of collagen fibrils during the process of compaction from an alternative perspective on the primary mechanical interaction, providing a new viewpoint on the behaviour of populated fibroblasts. We classify the collagen fibrils into three types - bent, stretched, and adherent - and deduce the respective equations governing the mechanical behaviour of each type; in particular, from a putative principle based on the stationary state of the instantaneous Hamiltonian of the mechanotransduction system, we originally quantify the stretching force exerted on each stretched fibrils. Via careful verification of a structural elementary model based on this classification, we demonstrate a clear physical picture of the compaction process, quantitatively elucidate the panorama of the micro mechanical niche and reveal an intrinsic biphasic relationship between cellular traction force and matrix elasticity. Our results also infer the underlying mechanism of tensional homoeostasis and stress shielding of fibroblasts. With this study, and sequel investigations on the putative principle proposed herein, we anticipate a refocus of the research on cellular mechanobiology, in vitro and in vivo.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)8078-8091
ページ数14
ジャーナルBiomaterials
35
28
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2014 9月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • バイオエンジニアリング
  • セラミックおよび複合材料
  • 生物理学
  • 生体材料
  • 材料力学

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