The outcome of supernovae in massive binaries; Removed mass, and its separation dependence

Ryosuke Hirai, Hidetomo Sawai, Shoichi Yamada

研究成果: Article査読

24 被引用数 (Scopus)


The majority of massive stars are formed in binary systems. It is hence reasonable to expect that most core-collapse supernovae (CCSNe) take place in binaries and the existence of a companion star may leave some imprints in observed features. Having this in mind, we have conducted two-dimensional hydrodynamical simulations of the collisions of CCSNe ejecta with the companion star in an almost-equal-mass (∼10 M) binary to find out possible consequences of such events. In particular we pay attention to the amount of mass removed and its dependence on the binary separation. In contrast to the previous surmise, we find that the companion mass is stripped not by momentum transfer but by shock heating. Up to 25% of the original mass can be removed for the closest separations and the removed mass decreases as M uba-4.3 with the binary separation a. By performing some experimental computations with artificially modified densities of incident ejecta, we show that if the velocity of ejecta is fixed, the density of incident ejecta is the single important parameter that actually determines the removed mass as . On the other hand, another set of simulations with modified velocities of incident ejecta demonstrate that the strength of the forward shock, which heats up the stellar material and causes the mass loss of the companion star, is actually the key parameter for the removed mass.

ジャーナルAstrophysical Journal
出版ステータスPublished - 2014 9月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 天文学と天体物理学
  • 宇宙惑星科学


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