The processing of pronominal relative clauses: Evidence from eye movements

Douglas Roland*, Gail Mauner, Yuki Hirose

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Relative clauses have played a key role in distinguishing between different theories of language comprehension. A reversal in processing costs between full NP and pronominal relative clauses reported by Reali and Christiansen (2007) has been used to argue for expectation-based theories of comprehension (e.g., Hale, 2001; Levy, 2008), and against memory-based theories of comprehension (e.g., Gibson, 1998, 2000; Gordon, Hendrick, & Johnson, 2001; Lewis, Vasishth, & Van Dyke, 2006). We present results relying on eye-movements during reading, in conjunction with modeling of differences between self-paced reading and eye movement data, to argue that the results observed by Reali and Christiansen and others are due to the self-paced reading paradigm, and do not reflect an actual reversal in processing costs. Overall, our results suggest that a combination of memory-based factors and spillover explains the pattern of reading times observed in various relative clause experiments such as those in Reali and Christiansen (2007), and that while comprehenders’ expectations undeniably play a role in language comprehension, the role may be less dramatic than is suggested by previous studies.

本文言語English
論文番号104244
ジャーナルJournal of Memory and Language
119
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 8月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 神経心理学および生理心理学
  • 言語および言語学
  • 実験心理学および認知心理学
  • 言語学および言語
  • 人工知能

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