The relationship of aphasia type and gesture production in people with aphasia

Kazuki Sekine, Miranda L. Rose

研究成果: Article査読

37 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Purpose: For many individuals with aphasia, gestures form a vital component of message transfer and are the target of speech-language pathology intervention. What remains unclear are the participant variables that predict successful outcomes from gesture treatments. The authors examined the gesture production of a large number of individuals with aphasia-in a consistent discourse sampling condition and with a detailed gesture coding system-to determine patterns of gesture production associated with specific types of aphasia. Method: The authors analyzed story retell samples from AphasiaBank (TalkBank, n.d.), gathered from 98 individuals with aphasia resulting from stroke and 64 typical controls. Twelve gesture types were coded. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the patterns of gesture production. Possible significant differences in production patterns according to aphasia type were examined using a series of chi-square, Fisher exact, and logistic regression statistics. Results: A significantly higher proportion of individuals with aphasia gestured as compared to typical controls, and for many individuals with aphasia, this gesture was iconic and was capable of communicative load. Aphasia type impacted significantly on gesture type in specific identified patterns, detailed here. Conclusion: These type-specific patterns suggest the opportunity for gestures as targets of aphasia therapy.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)662-672
ページ数11
ジャーナルAmerican Journal of Speech-Language Pathology
22
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2013 11 1
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 耳鼻咽喉科学
  • 発達心理学および教育心理学
  • 言語学および言語
  • 言語聴覚療法

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