The role of exercise in brain DNA damage

Thais Vilela, Vanessa De Andrade, Zsolt Radak, Ricardo De Pinho*

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Review article査読

6 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Cells are constantly subjected to cytotoxic and genotoxic insults resulting in the accumulation of unrepaired damaged DNA, which leads to neuronal death. In this way, DNA damage has been implicated in the pathogenesis of neurological disorders, cancer, and aging. Lifestyle factors, such as physical exercise, are neuroprotective and increase brain function by improving cognition, learning, and memory, in addition to regulating the cellular redox milieu. Several mechanisms are associated with the effects of exercise in the brain, such as reduced production of oxidants, up-regulation of antioxidant capacity, and a consequent decrease in nuclear DNA damage. Furthermore, physical exercise is a potential strategy for further DNA damage repair. However, the neuroplasticity molecules that respond to different aspects of physical exercise remain unknown. In this review, we discuss the influence of exercise on DNA damage and adjacent mechanisms in the brain. We discuss the results of several studies that focus on the effects of physical exercise on brain DNA damage.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1981-1985
ページ数5
ジャーナルNeural Regeneration Research
15
11
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2020 11月 1
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 発達神経科学

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