The function of SmpB protein in the trans-translation system was evaluated using the well-defined cell-free translation system consisting of purified ribosome, alanyl-tRNA synthetase and elongation factors. The analysis showed that SmpB protein enhances alanine-accepting activity of tmRNA and that SmpB protein and tmRNA are sufficient to complete the trans-translation process in the presence of translational components. Moreover, SmpB is indispensable in the addition of tag-peptide onto ribosomes by tmRNA. In particular, the A-site binding of tmRNA is inhibited in the absence of SmpB.
ASJC Scopus subject areas