We investigate the mean squared error of the Stein-James estimator for the mean when the observations are generated from a Gaussian vector stationary process with dimension greater than two. First, assuming that the process is short-memory, we evaluate the mean squared error, and compare it with that for the sample mean. Then a sufficient condition for the Stein-James estimator to improve upon the sample mean is given in terms of the spectral density matrix around the origin. We repeat the analysis for Gaussian vector long-memory processes. Numerical examples clearly illuminate the Stein-James phenomenon for dependent samples. The results have the potential to improve the usual trend estimator in time series regression models.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 数学 (全般)