Theoretical implication of current social problems in Japan to the studies of the commons

Makoto Inoue*

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Chapter

抄録

Japan has been facing unprecedented social challenges in recent years. This is evidenced by a declining population and birth rate, increasing economic stratification, a changing household structure, public health issues associated with an increasing number of dementia patients, deteriorating local communities, increasing number of unoccupied/vacant houses, increasing number of absentee landowners, including even unknown owners of the vacant houses and lands. To cope with such problems, many actors, including both nongovernmental organizations and local and national governments, have been examining various solutions. In theory, such trials reflect a situation where ownership is weakened while usufruct rights are strengthened and are certainly based on the concept of deformed “soyu” ownership or a sort of joint-ownership that is a basis for “iriai” (commons entrance) rights. Deformed or contemporary “soyu” ownership might serve as a framework for land management under declining and aging population. Expected attributes with which the main actors of contemporary “soyu” ownership will be endowed are excerpted: (1) Management and labor are not separated but integrated, (2) Admission to and withdrawal from the organization are limited, and (3) Decision-making should be done democratically. Although the issues are presently faced in Japan, these challenges will soon be shared by many other countries around the world, even in developing countries.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルNatural Resource Governance in Asia
ホスト出版物のサブタイトルFrom Collective Action to Resilience Thinking
出版社Elsevier
ページ365-371
ページ数7
ISBN(電子版)9780323857291
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 1月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 環境科学(全般)

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